Introduction 

Sustainability – the biggest promise of the 21st century. The future of humankind is also most heavily dependent on sustainable measures by the nations around the world. The new technology is contributing a lot to making the environment sustainable. The role of science and technology is crucial because every theory is generated from science. The technology gives the theory a real shape in the world. So, both science and technology are important to bring sustainable development in the future. Today’s article is all about the role of these two crucial elements. It will discuss what sustainable development is and why it is important. In the end, there will also be a section describing technologies that can bring sustainability. So let’s begin our discussion with a very basic question. 

What is sustainable development and why is it important for the future? 

Sustainable development has many definitions. Each sector has its own definition of development. But according to the Brundtland Commission, the definition of this development is that it meets the needs of the present circumstances without compromising the abilities of future generations. No other definition is as comprehensive as this is. Now, to make this happen, the role of science and technology is of utmost importance. The Academic Papers UK, a best academic help service has defined some primary objectives. Below are some of these primary objectives of sustainable development for the future:

Objectives of sustainable development

Sustainable development is important for the future in many ways. It is important to combat the rapidly changing climate and rising temperatures, as you can see above. The development must be in unison with the future. Therefore, it is very important to learn about the new roles of science and technology in making our future better. 

What is the role of science and technology in sustainable development? 

Science and technology have a crucial role to play in bringing sustainable development. Science helps in the understanding of the origins of global problems. Finding solutions to those problems is the work of engineers, scientists and policy-makers. The top leadership of science and technology or governing body is responsible for every move. Below is the description of some of the roles: 

  1. Foundation for new approaches 

Science is the mother of all knowledge. It identifies the critical issues and problems in the society and environment. It is also critical to tackling the complex issues of humankind like climate change, pollution and biodiversity loss. Besides, science identifies the problems, and technology solves those problems. Science lays the foundation for new research approaches and methods. By using those new approaches, engineers develop technologies. Science and technology play an important role in identifying and mitigating sustainability issues. 

  1. Automation 

Automation of many things has also reduced much of the problems of humankind. Technology has made automation possible. Due to automated technology, industries use the resources effectively more than ever. In the past, people were unaware of resource management. But due to advancements in science, we have come to know how precious the resources given to us by nature are. By automation, we know how much of the resource the product needs. This careful estimation and automation are really contributing a lot towards sustainable development. All thanks to the role of science and technology

  1. Diagnostic and remedial 

The role of science and technology is also diagnostic and remedial. Science diagnoses the problem, and technology is the remedy. This is proven over time and time again. In 1970, the world was in trouble due to a lack of food. Science took the problem into consideration. After detailed studies, it recommended the required technologies. As a result, the industries made the technology that increased the agriculture productivity of the countries. 

What technologies can improve sustainability? 

With technological advancements, we are moving towards sustainability in the future. Below is a brief description of some of the notable technologies:

Electric transport 

Due to global warming, almost every car manufacturing company is producing electric vehicles (EVs). The invention of the electric car is the biggest technological breakthrough towards sustainability. There are more than 160 electric and hybrid vehicles models available today. Electric buses are also in demand in the largest cities of the world. In China, more than 300,00 electric buses move across the streets of the cities. The price of these transport systems is also less because owners do not have to worry about fuel prices. 

Plastic recycling 

Plastic is a major threat to aquatic life. Many marine animals die from plastic waste being buried by the industries into the ocean. The role of science and technology is also praiseworthy in reducing plastic waste pollution. The innovation of the new plastic recycling technologies is the biggest innovation of the century. Many companies are nowadays using plastic bottles to make t-shirts and other materials. 

Renewable Energy 

The world is also shifting its gear towards the energy sector. The development of techniques for producing green energy is becoming popular. Scientists are working very hard to maximise the production of green energy. It can be achieved either by using wind or the sun as a power source. The use of solar panels and small wind turbines mounted at homes is of immense importance. 

Conclusion 

Due to the positive role of science and technology, the earth’s future is being shaped in a better way. Along with automation, new technologies are very crucial for sustainable development. 

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